DOI: https://doi.org/10.18524/2077-1746.2017.2(41).113911

СЕЗОННА ДИНАМІКА І ЗАПАСИ ВОДНИХ БЕЗХРЕБЕТНИХ СИВАШУ, ЯК КОРМОВОЇ БАЗИ ТА КЛЮЧОВОЇ ТЕРИТОРІЇ ДЛЯ ТУНДРОВИХ КУЛИКІВ, МІГРУЮЧИХ АФРО-ЄВРА-ЗІЙСЬКИМИ ПРОЛІТНИМИ ШЛЯХАМИ

T. A. Кірікова

Анотація


Викладені результати дев’яти років досліджень (1994–2002 рр.), присвячених вивченню ролі водних безхребетних у розміщенні тундрових куликів, що мігрують на далекі відстані. Вперше дана оцінка запасів кормових ресурсів, а також їх сезонної динаміки. Кормові запаси Сивашу перекривали потреби тундрових куликів: на Східному Сиваші в період весняної міграції – в 21,5–28,7 разів, в період осінньої міграції – в 6,2–10,9 разів; на Центральному Сиваші – навесні – в 2,4 рази, восени – в 5,7 разів. У кормовому раціоні були відзначені 22 види водних безхребетних. Серед них – Polychaeta – 2 види, Crustacea – 7 видів (Anostraca – 1, Isopoda –3, Amphipoda – 3 види), Gastropoda –11 видів та личинки комах – 2 види. Серед таксономічних груп найбільшим числом видів були представлені молюски та ракоподібні. Дослідження дозволяють віднести Сиваш до числа найцінніших водно­болотних угідь Східної Європи для далеких мігрантів за рахунок стабільно високих запасів водних безхребетних та значних площ мілководь, зручних для годування птахів підчас їх міграційних зупинок.


Ключові слова


куліки, водні безхребетні, макрозообентос, Сиваш.

Повний текст:

PDF (English)

Посилання


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Mordukhai-Boltovskoy F. D. (1969) «Free-living invertebrates: crustaceans» [«Svobodnozhivushie bespozvonochnye: rakoobraznye»], Kiev, Naukova Dumka, 535 p. (The identification guide of fauna of the Black and Azov Seas. Vol. 2.).

Mordukhai-Boltovskoy F. D. (1972) «Free-living invertebrates: arthropods (except crustaceans), mollusks, echinoderms, chaetognathes, chordates» [«Svobodnozhivushie bespozvonochnye: chlenistonogie (krome rakoobraznykh), molluski, iglokozhie, shetinkochelustnye, khordovye»], Kiev, Naukova Dumka, 340 p. (The identification guide of fauna of the Black and Azov Seas. Vol. 3.).

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Volodkovich Yu. L. (1980) «Methods of studying marine benthos» [«Metody izucheniya morskogo bentosa»] In: A Guide to Methods for the Biological Analysis of Sea Water and Bottom Sediments, Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat, 150-165.

Verkuil Y., Koolhaas A., van der Winden J. (1993) Wind effects on prey availability: how northward migrating waders use brackish and hypersaline lagoons in the Sivash, Ukraine, Neth. J. Sea Res, 31, pp. 359 –374.

Zhadin V. I. (1960) «Methods of hydrobiological research» [«Metody gidrobiologicheskogo issledovaniya»], Moscow, Vysshaya Shkola, 191 p.


Пристатейна бібліографія ГОСТ


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2. Aleksandrov  B. G. Caloric content of invertebrates of the Black Sea. 2. Macrozoobenthos  / B. G. Aleksandrov // Ekologiya Morya. – 2001. – № 56. – P. 71–76. [in Russian]

3. Aleksandrov B. G. Hydrobiological grounds for managing the state of Black Sea coastal ecosystems / B. G. Aleksandrov. Monograph. Kovalevskyi Odesa Branch of the Instutute of Biology of Southern Seas, NAS of Ukraine. – Kiev: Naukova Dumka. – 2008. – 344 p. [in Russian]

4. Aleksandrov B. G., Community of hydrobionts of the marginal biotope of the silt sand pseudolittoral zone in the Sea of Azov.  / B. G. Aleksandrov, L. V.Vorobyeva,  I. I. Kulakova, O. P.Garkusha, A. A. Rybalko, V. V. Portyanko, Ekolohichna Bezpeka Pryberezhnykh ta Shelfovykh Zon ta Kompleksne Vykorystannia Resursiv. – 2011. – № 1 (25). – P. 362–374. [in Russian]

5. Andryushchenko Yu. A. Distribution of waterbirds at Sivash in the summer-autumn period / Yu. A. Andryushchenko, J. Van der Vinden, S. V. Vinokurova, [et al]. – Simferopol: Sonat, 1999. – 90 p. [in Russian]

6. Anistratenko V. V. Molluscs / V. V. Anistratenko–Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 2001. – 240 p. (Fauna Ukrainy. Vol. 29, iss. 1, book 1.). [in Russian].

7. Anistratenko, V. V., Mollusks. Littoriniformes, Rissoiformes / V. V. Anistratenko, A. P. Stadnichenko, – Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 1994. – 176 p. (Fauna Ukrainy. Vol. 29, iss. 1, book 2.). [in Russian].

8. Chernichko I. I. Migration of tundra Dunlin populations in southern Ukraine / I. I. Chernichko. In: Ebbinge, B. S., Mazourov, Yu. L., Tomkovich, P.S., eds. // Heritage of the Russian Arctic: Research, Conservation and International Co-operation. – Moscow: Ecopros Publishers, 2000. – P. 421–430.

9. Chernichko, I. I. Species composition and migrations of waders at the Azov-Black Sea coast of Ukraine / I. I.  Chernichko // Transactions of Zoological Museum of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. – 2010. –  № 41. – P. 154–209. [in Russian]

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11. Chernichko I. I., Waders of the Sivash Gulf, Azov-Black Sea / I. I. Chernichko, A. B. Grinchenko, V. D. Siokhin // Wader Study Group Bulletin.  – 1991. – № 63. – P. 37–38.

12. Chernichko, I. I., Macrozoobenthos of Sivash and distribution of waders associated with it. / I. I. Chernichko, T. A. Kirikova, – In:  Kostin, S. Yu., Beskaravainy, M. M., eds. Fauna, ecology and protection of birds in the Azov-Black Sea region. – Simferopol: Sonat, 1999. – P. 52–65. [in Russian]

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14. Diadicheva E. A. Numbers and phenology of Curlew Sandpiper migration in Ukraine / E. A. Diadicheva, S. V. Khomenko, M. E. Zhmud, I. I. Chernichko, B. A. Garmash, V. V.  Kinda // Branta. – 2000. – № 2. – P. 91–112. [in Russian]

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17. Khomenko S. V.  A role of the Azov-Black Sea region in transcontinental migrations of Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea / S. V. Khomenko // Vestnik Zoologii. – 2000. – № 14. – P. 114–118. [in Russian]

18. Khomenko S. V.  Sivash lagoon as the most important area of concentration of migratory Curlew Sandpipers in Europe / S. V. Khomenko // Zapovidna Sprava v Ukraini. – 2001. – № 7(2). – P. 31–33. [in Russian]

19. Khomenko, S. V.  Migrations of Curlew Sandpiper as an example of using a continental flyway by Arctic waders. PhD thesis. Shcmalhausen Institute of Zoology. – Kyiv, 2002. – 19 p. [in Ukrainian]

20. Kirikova T. Benthic fauna in the Eastern Sivash, August 1998 / In: J. van der Winden, E. A. Diadicheva, W. T. de Nobel, M. W. J. van Roomen, Counts and ecology of water birds in the Sivash, Ukraine, August 1998: WIWO-report 71. – Zeist, 2001. – P. 15–16.  

21. Kirikova T., Macrozoobenthos of Eastern and Central Sivash as a feeding base of tundra waders during the migration period / T. Kirikova, A. Antonovsky // Transactions of Zoological Museum of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. – 2010. – № 41. – P. 210–235. [in Russian]

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25. Mordukhai-Boltovskoy F. D. Free-living invertebrates: arthropods (except crustaceans), mollusks, echinoderms, chaetognathes, chordates / F. D. Mordukhai-Boltovskoy. – Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 1972. – 340 p. (The identification guide of fauna of the Black and Azov Seas. Vol. 3.). [in Russian].

26. Stepanyan L. S. Notes on the USSR avifauna / L. S. Stepanyan. – Moscow: Nauka, 1990. – 728 p. [in Russian]

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28. Verkuil Y., Wind effects on prey availability: how northward migrating waders use brackish and hypersaline lagoons in the Sivash, Ukraine / Y. Verkuil, A. Koolhaas, J. van der Winden // Neth. J. Sea Res. – 1993. – V. 31. – P. 359–374.

29. Zhadin V. I. Methods of hydrobiological research / V. I. Zhadin. – Moscow: Vysshaya Shkola, 1960. – 191 p. [in Russian]





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